In order to create more and better ideas, you might separate creation from evaluation, coming up with lots of ideas first, then judging their worth later. If you’re like most people, your life is an endless stream of evaluations. Do you judge every new thing that comes into your life, good or bad? Useful or not? Worthwhile or worthless? It takes a lot of mental energy to make these judgments over and over again all day long. And it leaves little room for creative thinking. Water tanks aim to solve this problem.
In a water tank, you relax into the flow of ideas as they come, noticing them as they arrive and allowing them to pass through unhindered by judgment or criticism. Or, you use them to store water as most other people do. Do you require a water tank? What is the procedure for creating one? What advantages may you expect from putting a water tank in your home? There are a number of intriguing aspects to consider when it comes to water tanks as a homeowner. A water storage tank, often known as a holding tank, is used to increase your drinking water supply from your reverse osmosis system or other filtering systems until you’re ready to use it.
On-demand pressurized storage tanks force water out, while atmospheric tanks require a booster pump to provide pressure. Rainwater tanks come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and specifications and may be utilized for residential, commercial, or large-scale industrial or municipal operations. In most situations, your water tank may be replenished with rainwater from your roof, however, it may also be filled with water from a water supply carting service in some cases. Following these basic guidelines for storing water and rain harvesting might assist you in ensuring that tap water from your home’s water tanks is safe to drink and suitable for its intended purpose.
What are Water Tanks?
For individuals who live far from a continuous water supply, storing it up when possible is a smart habit. Water, after all, is a critical need. It’s good to keep some on hand just in case you need it. That’s where water tanks come in handy. Water tanks, as the name implies, are huge containers that store water. The water is delivered to where it’s needed through a network of pipes. This stored water may be utilized in a variety of ways beyond personal use. You’ll learn what you need to know about this topic if you keep reading.
Water storage tanks are used for many different purposes. The most common form of these tanks holds rainwater or well water for residential purposes. Other tanks are used to store fluids in industries such as food processing, oil refineries and mining operations.
Why Purchase a Water Tank?
If you’re looking to buy a home with a private well, you may discover that the water quality is not as good as it could be. That’s where a filtering system comes in handy. You can install filtering systems such as reverse osmosis and multi-stage pressurized water filters to purify your water and make it safe for drinking and cooking. But you’ll need a place to store all the purified water until you need it. And this is where those big containers we mentioned above come in, they hold your filtered water so that it’s ready whenever you’re ready to use it (and maybe even save some money on your monthly bill).
What are Rainwater Tanks Made of?
Water storage tanks are made of various types of materials, including fibreglass, concrete and steel. Fibreglass is lightweight but can be delivered in custom shapes or sizes. Concrete provides a good foundation for the quality and durability of the tank, it’s also more cost-effective than some other options. However, it can shatter if dropped. And even though steel does not usually break easily like concrete, it is quite expensive and has an unpleasant appearance (but this may be offset by how attractive your surrounding area is). Your choice might depend on many factors such as price, practicality, topography and aesthetics. The most common water tanks are:
- Plastic tanks
- Steel tanks
- Concrete tanks
- Pressure tank
- Underground tanks
Installing a Rainwater Tank
When done correctly, installing a water tank is not only safe but also very practical. However, there are some safety issues you could be aware of when you purchase or install your own tank. If you use an above ground tank for storage, the risks are minimal. But if it’s underground, it may need to be properly permitted which can take some time depending on your location’s specific code requirements. Also, ensure that the soil conditions in your area are suitable for digging and building up the foundation of the tank itself.
And before reaching for that shovel, consider how accessible it may be later down the road when you want to maintain or repair it (or even remove it). And finally, if you’re considering putting any electrical equipment in the tank for convenience sake or to make it easier to maintain, or if there are any natural gas lines nearby, be sure these systems are safely installed and approved for this purpose.
Water Supply of Water Tanks
Tanks are wonderful water collecting and storage devices, but they’re useless if you don’t have a source of water. It’s vital to understand where you can get the best water in that scenario.
Tank water is frequently derived from rainwater. In Australia, because rainfall is distributed evenly throughout the year, it provides a reliable supply of water. Rainwater may be collected easily since it comes straight from your roof to your tank. Rainwater collected, on the other hand, might contain pollutants such as pesticides and materials washed down by the storms. To drink rainwater, you first need to filter it properly.
- Natural freshwater
Freshwater sources in the form of streams and lakes are also a wonderful source of water, especially if you live near one. These rivers and lakes provide you with an immediate and limitless supply of whatever quantity of water you require. However, because this water may be contaminated with hazardous chemicals or germs, it is often not suitable for direct consumption. You could also look for any limitations on obtaining water from these locations.
If you don’t have access to a body of water, groundwater is another excellent source of water for your tank. If you have a dug-up well nearby, this works. It fills your tank with your current water in the same way as the aforementioned sources of water do. However, it may include dirt and other substances from the earth.
Calculating the Size of Your Rainwater Tank
While the manufacturer’s stated litres capacity is often on the label of water storage tanks, this isn’t always the tank capacity of the water storage tank. If it’s a pressure tank or a reverse osmosis system, it comes with a metal diaphragm and an air bladder. The number refers to the tank’s total void volume if you were to fully remove the diaphragm and depressurize the tank, according to its capacity. The tank’s actual capacity is defined as “capacity.”
The capacity of your water storage tank may be determined by your specific home, office, or restaurant’s demands. Water storage tanks are always sized according to need. If you operate a cafe that provides water from an RO tank to many coffee machines and ice makers, your tank capacity would be very different from that of a family of two who uses an RO tank at home. Finding a water storage tank that can provide you with water throughout the day, with interruptions or reduced pressure, indicates that you have found the right tank capacity for your needs.
A Rainwater Tank Standard
The size of your rainwater storage tanks might depend on the capacity you need. When determining the tank capacity necessary to meet your needs, start by calculating daily consumption. For example, if you have a family that is three people in number with approximately 100 litres per person each day, then at least 300 litres are required for this house. This quantity would be enough to last one day even if there were interruptions to the flow of water such as reduced pressure or no connection at all for long periods of time.
If you’re looking for large scale commercial and industrial properties that want several kilolitres of drinking water, denoting how much it can produce in terms of daily consumption isn’t practical or accurate enough. You could look at what the storage tank’s capacity is in terms of litres, rather than its daily production to determine how much water it can store. A plastic tank is often used to collect rainwater and increase the safe rainwater supply that’s kept.
Are Rainwater Tanks Safe?
A rainwater storage tank could always be used for household purposes only. You shouldn’t try to clean or fill your car directly from the tap on this sort of tank. This may be dangerous if you don’t know what precautions need to be taken to ensure that the water isn’t contaminated before it comes out. Even though most tanks are safe if they meet certain standards, it’s important not to take risks at all with your health and safety.
Your safest option would be to use a submersible pump inside the water storage tank which collects the water into an external container for any purpose other than drinking. A submersible pump is completely enclosed and sealed against any risk of leakage as this water enters the external container.
If you need to use rainwater as a source of drinking water, then you need to follow all necessary precautions for treating or filtering the water before it comes into your house. Reverse osmosis (RO) is one such option. By using an RO system and also investing in a good-quality water storage tank, it’s possible to be sure that your rainwater sources are safe from contamination for use as drinking water. On each occasion, you can tell which is best by counting how many times they empty the tank per day on average without interruption over several days. If they empty their tanks more than once each day, then use the flow rate to find the tank capacity you need.
Average Water Usage for Different Appliances and Fixtures
There’s always a certain amount of loss in pressure between where your water storage tanks are located and the point at which it actually comes out of faucets. To determine how much you can expect from a rainwater storage tank, add up all daily consumption values from when several family members or employees use these different conveniences simultaneously:
- A coffee machine using 5L/day when used by three people
- Showers at 3L/shower multiplied by four people in one house
- An ice maker that uses 2L/day
- Three bathrooms with sinks that together use 3L/minute (60L/hour) when used simultaneously by three people
- A dishwasher that uses 15L with a cycle of 45 minutes when used by two people in the house.
If you use any of these appliances at one time, then it’s easy to calculate the total daily consumption and adjust your rainwater storage tank capacity accordingly. Keep in mind that we haven’t included any other activities such as hand washing or washing dishes, only major conveniences like coffee makers, showers and ice-makers.
How to Keep Water Storage Tank From Freezing?
In colder regions, you need to insulate your water tank to ensure that the water won’t freeze during extremely cold temperatures. In areas where there’s a risk of this happening, it may be necessary to use special products for insulation or heaters which can be attached to the outside of the tank.
If you have your rainwater storage tank installed indoors then it isn’t as important as if it were installed outdoors under direct sunlight. The first option is safe from freezing during general winters even if the area experiences very cold weather. You certainly need to take precautions with an outdoor storage tank though as protecting it from freezing is vital so that no damage occurs to its structure and also so that no contaminants can infiltrate through ruptured parts as a result of extreme cold.
Finally, it’s important to determine what is the best tank capacity for you in order to achieve your water storage goals. All these calculations are extremely simple when it comes to determining your rainwater harvesting needs. When you know how much water consumption is required per day, simply multiply this value by the number of days that you wish to store in advance in case there is a shortage in rainfall. Each family is different and has its own specific sources of consumption per person, depending on personal habits and living conditions