Air conditioning needs vary, depending on factors like the size of the room and hot weather outside. However, a 2.5 kW air conditioner is considered average and has the ability to cool one room at a time. The standard residential energy tariff in Australia is 43.41 cents per kWh.
Air Conditioning Systems
An air conditioner is a device that lowers the temperature of the air, it also can remove humidity. It does this by including a refrigeration cycle with an air-moving device (fan or compressor) to make cooler air of water vapour. The refrigeration cycle takes advantage of the natural tendency of all substances to change from a gas to a liquid and from a liquid to a solid, as temperature decreases.
Types of Air Conditioners
There are several types of air conditioners, they are categorized according to their source of power or refrigeration cycle.
The types are grouped together by the refrigerant that is used in the cycle. These groups are called ‘systems’. The three system groups are:
- Gas systems
- Absorption-engine systems
- Chiller systems, which can be either gas or absorption-engine systems.
The six main types of chiller units found in Australia today are:
- Split, single ducted units
- Split, double ducted units
- Duct free mini split
- Ductable twin cassette
- Ductable ceiling cassette
- Multi-split through wall and window units
Average Power Consumption of a 2.5kw Air Conditioner
An air conditioner uses electricity to produce cold air and they are measured in kW. The amount of KW an air conditioner requires is determined by its size, BTU and the environment it is placed in for example if there is a lot of sun shining on your house then your aircon may use more power due to the heat that is given off from the suns rays heating up the house and the compressor unit itself.
The average power usage for one 2.5kw air-con unit running for 8 hours would be up to 21-28 kW per day depending on how hot it was outside as well as what time of year it is as air conditioners are more efficient in winter. It can vary from 14 to 20 kW.
This is just a rough figure, the number may change depending on how well built your house is and what type of roof you have. If your air conditioning unit is located in the sun then its power usage would be greater than if it wasn’t. The most important thing to remember is an air conditioner uses electricity to make cold air, which makes them very expensive to run overtime. Air conditioner running costs can vary based on a lot of factors and you can be surprised by the cost even if your air conditioning system has a good energy efficiency rating. Use it sparingly or use heat pumps instead.
Split System Air Conditioner
A split system air conditioner is a type of air conditioning system. This type of air conditioning unit is available in all shapes and sizes. These air conditioners can be mounted on the wall, ceiling or through the window. A split system air conditioner usually consists of an outdoor unit connected to one or more indoor units by refrigerant lines.
A split system air conditioner uses electricity to produce cold air which makes it very expensive over time. Use it sparingly or use heat pumps instead. The split system air conditioner is typically much cheaper than other forms of air conditioning, but the split systems initial purchase price is higher due to the costs of making the refrigerant lines that connect multiple indoor units with an outdoor unit.
Ducted System Air Conditioning
A ducted system is very similar to a split system in the sense that it uses multiple indoor units with an outdoor unit. However, for this form of cooling, the outdoor unit is installed on the roof or wall outside of your home. The ducts are then run into each room in the house with a central point where all ducts meet.
Split system air conditioning consists of one box which makes up both interior and exterior equipment while ducted systems consist of two separate boxes, an outdoor unit and an indoor unit. This means that if you have a lot of rooms or levels in your house it may be less expensive overall because you only need to purchase one air conditioner per level rather than purchasing multiple units to cover every single room in your house.
Ducted systems are generally more expensive to install and the ducting costs make them a more expensive option overall. However, because it’s a single unit rather than many units this makes it easier to install and maintain. This type of system is ideal for people who live in large homes or have rooms that can be isolated from each other by closing doors. They’re also good for cooling several different levels in a home such as upper and lower stories because you don’t need separate outdoor units per level.
Reverse Cycle Air Conditioner
A reverse cycle air conditioner is an air conditioning system that employs both heating and cooling to maintain a constant temperature during the entire year. This type of air conditioner consists of two separate units, one for heating and one for cooling. The systems are typically connected where cold outdoor air is brought in by the indoor coils, heated to a comfortable temperature, then distributed through the home via ducts. The system can be turned on or off depending on what time of year it is which can save up to 30% on your energy bill.
What Size Air Conditioner Do I Need?
The amount of power your air conditioner may use depends on its BTU, room size and climate/season you need to use it in. Its always best practice to buy a system that is larger than your current needs, as it may always run more efficiently.
The size of the air conditioner you need depends on a few factors including climate, room size and desired area of coverage. The right-sizing can help ensure that your AC runs cost-efficiently while keeping cool all the rooms that matter to you. For maximum efficiency, your AC could have an Energy Efficiency Rating (EER) of at least 10 for units installed in Europe, which are sized according to their cooling capacity in kilowatts (kW). Air conditioners with higher EER values are more energy efficient so choose wisely.
Average Air Conditioner Cost
The average cost of an air conditioner is anywhere between $3,000 and $7,000. However, there are many different factors that influence the final price you pay for your cooling system including installation costs, type of heating, size of unit required, ducting costs etc. The air conditioner cost usually includes the labour costs.
There are several factors that determine the price of an air con unit. The main one is the size of unit required for your space, with larger units costing more than smaller ones. Other key points are what type of cooling may be used, whether ducting needs to be installed and if any additional components are needed.
An average 2.5-ton split system air conditioner may cost around $3,000 to $4,000 to install while a central air conditioning system for larger homes may cost around $7,000 on average. The average power bills depend on how much electricity your split system may spend.
Why is It Important to Get the Right Size Air Conditioning Unit?
It’s important to get the right size AC unit because if you buy too small of a unit it may be unable to keep up with cooling your home and provide consistent airflow. This results in inconsistent temperatures and inefficient operation which can lead to expensive utility bills and costly repairs for an underperforming system.
What Size Central Air Conditioner do I Need?
The best way to find out what size central air conditioning unit you need is by getting a professional assessment of your energy usage and needs. By doing this, you can figure out what sized AC may work best for your household, as well as any other upgrades that may be needed such as insulation or duct sealing. Also, learn about the differences between window units vs central units.
How Much Power does an Air Conditioner Use?
A common misconception is that the larger the AC unit is, the more it’s going to cost you in energy bills. But this isn’t necessarily true since there are many other factors involved such as climate and room size. The right-sized air conditioning unit for your home can help ensure that your system operates efficiently and provides you year-round comfort so you don’t have to blast the AC all summer long.
What does Air Conditioner Running Costs Depend On?
An air conditioner’s electricity usage depends on a few factors.
Room Size and Shape
A bigger room with more heat-generating sources may cause the AC to work overtime.
If you live in a warmer climate, your AC unit may be working harder than homes that are located in cooler climates such as those near the ocean or mountains.
Which Central Air Conditioning Units Use the Least Power?
The most efficient units for cooling larger spaces are window units, mini splits and multi-split systems. They’re all good options depending on your needs but generally, window units tend to use less power because they cool only one area at a time. Mini-splits can provide full cooling and heating efficiency by cooling multiple rooms simultaneously while standard or multi-split systems provide whole-home comfort and circulate the air well, but they do use more power.
What is a Ton of Air Conditioning?
A “ton” refers to 12,000 BTU/hr, therefore, a 3-ton AC unit would be 36,000 BTU/hr. There are different types of heating and cooling units such as radiant (for example gas furnace), convection (typical ceiling or floor mounted unit) or fan coil (heating and sometimes cooling). So make sure you know the type before you buy one. The size of your home may also determine how many tons you need since bigger homes require larger HVAC systems.
Using Star Rating to Accurately Calculate Running Costs
The national star energy rating tool can help you accurately determine what your running costs may be by inputting data on your home’s square metres, location and heating/cooling system type. This information is taken into account so it’s worth finding out what your star rating is to ensure that you are making the most environmentally sustainable decision possible when purchasing a new air conditioning unit.
How Can I Reduce My Air Conditioning Energy Bill?
A few ways you can reduce your air conditioning energy bill is by using ceiling fans to circulate the air and keep temperatures at a more constant level throughout your home. Another way is to simply turn your air conditioning off when you leave the house or go to sleep, as this may reduce the overall load on your system.
Temperature and Time Running
You can also reduce your cooling costs by setting the thermostat to a higher temperature when you’re home and then turning it back down for bedtime.
Regular Service and Cleaning
Servicing your unit can also help it run more efficiently throughout the year. If you’re in need of assistance, contact a service provider such as Aircon servicing Adelaide or an HVAC professional who can inspect and clean your unit for maximum efficiency.